Police Powers

Police powers are far reaching and it is important to know your rights when dealing with the police. Our brochure provides information about several aspects of police powers, from what to do if you are detained, questioned or arrested by police officers  to body searches and police searches inside your home.

police-powers.pngYou have the right to make a complaint about police policies, services and conduct.  You do not have to be a resident of Ontario to file a complaint. Complaints about police conduct, services and policies are made to the Office of the Independent Police Review Director (OIPRD). In some cases, the OIPRD may decide to conduct its own investigation into complaints of police misconduct but they must refer all complaints about police services and policies to the appropriate police service for investigation with oversight by the OIPRD.

This link gives more information about police powers and on how to file a police complaint. This brochure is published by Metro Toronto Chinese and Southeast Asian Legal Clinic. Its contents are based on “Police Powers: Stop and Searches” produced by Community Legal Education of Ontario and on the OIPRD’s online (www.oiprd.on.ca): “How to Make a Complaint.”

This brochure contains only general legal information. If you have any questions about your specific situation, please consult your local community legal clinic, community agency or a lawyer. If you are under 18 years of age, you are subject to the regulation of the Youth Criminal Justice Act. You have rights not mentioned in this brochure and should seek legal advice.

By Topic List

Being stopped and questioned by the police

Arrest and Detention

Police Searches inside your home

Body Search

Making a complaint against the police 

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